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Trade Capacity Building Database

TCB Category Definitions

WTO Accession and Compliance
Support for countries to benefit from membership in the WTO, or to understand fully the benefits of membership. Also assistance to help countries in the WTO Accession process meet the requirements of accession. In addition, it includes assistance to meet the obligations of the specific WTO agreements, except for Agreements on Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary Measures (SPS), Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), and Trade-related Procurement. Those four agreements benefit from TCB in their own categories.
Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary Measures (SPS)
Support for countries to meet SPS standards for trade and to comply with the WTO Agreement on SPS.
Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
Support for countries to reduce technical barriers to trade and to comply with the WTO Agreement on TBT.
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
Support for countries to observe international standards on intellectual property rights protection and to comply with the WTO Agreement on IPR.
Trade-related Procurement
Support for increase trade related to government procurement and to comply with the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement.
Trade Facilitation
Generally defined as assistance in lowering the costs of engaging in, or eliminating obstacles to international trade flows. Trade facilitation (for 2011) is a sum of these four sub-categories:
  • Customs Operations—includes assistance to help countries modernize and improve their customs offices.
  • Trade Promotion—includes assistance to increase market opportunities for developing country and transition economy producers.
  • Enterprise Development—includes support to improve the associations and networks in the business sector, as well as to enhance the skills of business people engaged in trade. Also includes assistance to help countries acquire and use IT to promote trade by creating business networks and disseminating market information.
  • FTAs and Trade Integration—includes assistance to an FTA, an RTA, or to an individual country that increases the ability of the RTA to facilitate trade. It can also include assistance to a potential member of an RTA that improves the analytical capacity of the country's government with respect to RTA issues. (NOTE: It does not include TCB assistance in a specific area that is being provided to countries through an RTA. For example, technical assistance to help RTA member countries comply with SPS standards was reported as Trade-Related Agricultural Development or the WTO Agreement on SPS Measures.)
Trade-related Labor
Assistance to support the enforcement of labor standards and worker rights, development of trade unions and dispute resolution mechanisms, strategies for workforce development and worker training, and the elimination of child labor.
Financial Sector
Support for financial sector work, monetary and fiscal policy, exchange rates, commodity markets, and capital markets.
Trade-related Infrastructure
Assistance to establish trade-related telecoms, transport, ports, airports, power, water, and industrial zones.
Environmental Sector Trade and Standards
Assistance to establish environmental standard or to promote environmental technology.
Competition Policy, Business Environment, and Governance
Support for the design and implementation of antitrust laws, as well as of laws and regulations related to investment and investor protections. Includes support for legal and institutional reform to improve governance and make policies more transparent, as well as assistance to help the different agencies of a host country government function more effectively in the trade policy arena.
Trade-related Agriculture
Support for trade-related aspects of the agriculture and agribusiness sectors. (NOTE: Support that is specifically intended to help countries participate in the WTO Agreements on Agriculture or SPS Measures are not included in this category.)
Trade-related Services
Includes support to help developing countries and transition economies increase their flows of trade in services. Services Trade Development is a sum of the two sub-categories:
  • Trade-related Services (excluding tourism)—assistance to help countries develop trade in services in all sectors other than tourism, including financial services, energy, transportation, and education.
  • Trade-related Tourism—assistance to help countries expand their international tourism sectors, including eco-tourism.
Other Trade Capacity Building
A small number of TCB activities did not fit in any of the above categories, including some activities of a cross-cutting nature. These were categorized as "Other Trade Capacity Building."

NOTE: For information on new categories and other definitional changes, see Methodology.